In Turkey, the wastewater utilization for agricultural purposes, in particular, by plants is an important strategy for water resource conservation aimed to use absorbent plants for reduction of pollution parameters, reduce environmental pollution, create a cleaner environment' to reuse wastewater for different purposes, to improve and maintain water quality; to provide recreational area.
Wetlands are considered as low-cost alternatives for treating municipal, industrial and agricultural effluents. The main advantages of utilizing effluents for irrigation purposes is that many of the substances present in wastewater can be used as nutrients for crops, and would otherwise probably contaminate the receiving water body, and there is the additional advantage that less chemical fertilizers are needed. The salinity level of wastewater, organic and inorganic toxic compound content are usually not high enough to prevent its use for irrigation purposes.
Compared to conventional treatment systems, wetland technology is cheaper, easier to operate and maintain. Easy construction of these systems even with simple technology is the main advantage of these systems. Minimal fossil fuel is required and no chemicals are necessary. An additional benefit of using wetlands for wastewater treatment is the multi-purpose sustainable utilization of the facility for various aspects such as swamp fisheries, biomass production, seasonal agriculture, water supply, public recreation, wild life conservation and scientific study.
Since introduction of the solution in Turkey:
- 5208 wetlands in rural areas for natural wastewater treatment have been constructed.
- Different types of constructed environmental friendly wetlands were introduced to the villagers.
- Use of native plants in the system is examined.
- Wastewater treatment techniques and reuse of wastewater in village were introduced to the villagers and farmers.
- Freshwater resources have been saved
Budget: Cost-contribution of each villager is 15USD (for community above 1000 people).
International Agricultural Research and Training Center
Address: Camikebir Mah. Çavuşköyyolu Sokak No: 9 Menemen-İzmir/TÜRKİYE
Contact person: Dilek Kahranan, Cenk Kucukyumuk
Telephone: +90 232 831 10 52
Fax: +90 232 831 10 521