Goals and objectives: To ensure sustainability and efficiency of animal husbandry in Hungary, localization of feed is a primary task for the sector. Hungary is determined to achieve self-production of feed (forage) material or have it produced geographically close, as 80-85 percent of soy-maize is imported GM soy. To replace imported GM soy, the Ministry of Agriculture allocated a budget to support for agricultural research to develop new feed wheat varieties.
Implementation: Feed wheat in general is low quality and thus unsuitable for milling and for human consumption. In order to satisfy demand in animal feeding, Novum wheat, a variety of nationally listed species hybrid, has been used to conduct an experiment.
As a result of the experiment, it was concluded that:
- The maize-soy diet (with 25 percent wheat) did not show better result than the feed with 50 percent wheat.
- Feed intake was less with the Novum mixture, better digestibility.
- Novum mixture had nearly the same nutritional content as the soy-maize mixture (some components were a bit higher).
- With 50 percent Novum wheat proportion, animals can be fattened successfully without any loss of efficiency.
Achievements: Animal-fattening has been experimented by the National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre and the results have proved that Novum wheat can replace extracted soybean meal and maize, without any loss of efficiency and need for extra enzymes.
There are other benefits of Novum wheat feeding, such as:
- It has huge energy content, animals consume less feed; therefore, feeding cost per animal can be reduced by $850
- Lower production cost: $410-480 per hectare.
- No environmental pressure because there is no need for fertilization with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
It is worth noting that in the experiment, low-quality Novum wheat, which had the same nutrient content as the usual feed (soybean-maize), was used. With average or high-quality Novum wheat feeding is more efficient.
Replication: The solutions can be utilized in countries interested in improving the cost-efficiency of cattle forage.
Ministry of Agriculture of Hungary
Department for EU and FAO Affairs
Department for Agriculture
Name: Zalan Varga,