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Preserving the Ecosystems of Mountainous Pastures in the Kyrgyz Republic

Saturday, 05 December 2015 13:20 Written by 
  • Location(s): Kyrgyzstan
  • Type(s): Solution
  • Theme(s): Agriculture , Land Management, Natural Resources
  • SDG(s): 15. Life on land
  • Locations in Europe and the CIS: Kyrgyzstan
  • Types in Europe and the CIS: Solution
  • Themes in Europe and the CIS: Agriculture , Land Management, Natural Resources Management
  • SDGs in Europe and the CIS: 15. Life on land
  • Locations of ComSec Solutions: Kyrgyzstan
  • Types of ComSec Solutions: Solution
  • Themes of ComSec Solutions: Agriculture , Land Management, Natural Resources
  • SDGs of ComSec Solutions: 15. Life on land

Solution: Following the approval of the new law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Pastures in 2009, which opened opportunities for more decentralized management of pastures through introduction of pasture committees at the local level, a new and innovative solution for addressing pasture degradation issues was introduced and tested in frames of the UNDP-implemented, Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded project on “Demonstrating Sustainable Pasture Management in the Suusamyr valley” -- information system “Electronic Pasture Committee.”

Goals and objectives: The system helps to make decisions on pasture management in real-time by tracking pasture areas, amount of pasture users and livestock, livestock vaccination, payment for livestock grazing and maintaining the database of pasture tickets. In addition, the system allows accessing to data on borders, geo-botanical conditions, economic value and livestock grazing capacity of pastures and regularly monitoring of the degradation of pastures and timely action for sustainable pasture management.

Implementation: The project was implemented in 2008-2013 and having tested and proved the solution’s efficiency, is now being replicated by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative in other districts.

To introduce the Electronic Pasture Committee in five rural areas of At-Bashy district of Naryn oblast and two rural areas of Batken and Osh oblasts, a group of pasture experts conducted an inventory, economic and geo-botanical assessment of the pasture territories of the target local self-government units and developed cattle grazing plans.

The system had been introduced in 11 districts of Chuy, Talas and Jalal-Abad oblasts within the UNDP/GEF project in the Suusamyr valley. As a response to the interest coming from other districts of the country, UNDP-UNEP PEI project supported the replication of the system in seven rural self governments of Naryn, Batken and Osh oblasts.

Achievements:

  • Improved pasture committees management and increased transparency due to availability of the information on the key aspects of the sustainable pasture management such as load on the pasture areas, cattle grazing plan and vaccinations.
  • Informed decision-making towards better planning the economic benefits as a result of economic assessment of the pasture value. Such assessment in the five ayil okmoty of Naryn oblast concluded that a proper management of the pastures can generate income equal to $13 million.
  • Pasture Committee (PC) in Suusamyr ayil okmotu has become an exemplary organization with a fully operational information system tomanage the pastures of the ayil okmotu in a sustainable way.

In 2014, after successful approval of the solution the rights to the Electronic Pasture Committee were transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture and Melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic. The Government is committed to integrating the information system into national pasture management plans by 2017.

Replication: The experience can be used in other developing countries with the similar conditions and so far two neighboring countries like Kazakhstan and Tajikistan have already expressed their interest in it.

Budget: The first project expenditure is approximately $75,000 (including the e-software development, experts’ fee and upgrading the software).

Partners: GEF, local governments

Contact details: 
Kyrgyzstan 
Address: 160 Chuy Ave., Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 
Mr. Daniar Ibragimov 
Team Leader, Environment and DRM/PEI focal point 
Environment/Energy and Disaster Risk Management Programme 
UNDP in the Kyrgyz Republic 
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Phone number: +996-312-611211 ext. 122 (w.) +996-772 550-450

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