The research and development (R&D) infrastructure of both public and private sectors needs to be used in the most effective way in order to use national resources rationally and gain the maximum benefit. R&D studies performed by researchers through benefiting from the infrastructure of public either alone or together with public research are frequently observed in developed countries.
Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey (MFAL) started R&D project support for the agricultural activities of private sector under Agricultural Law No 5488 issued in 2006 and the “Communiqué on the Procedures Between Research and Development Project Coordinators in Partnership with Research Institutions Subject to Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs” numbered 2007/1, which became effective in January 2007. The communiqué is aimed to improve R&D capacity and culture of private sector; to develop new varieties, technology, models and tools; to transfer outputs to farmers and agricultural industry as well as to use the country`s limited resources effectively.
Once the communiqué was published large companies began showing interest to agricultural researches.
MFAL assigned the secretarial Tasks regarding the project application, project evaluation and monitoring of approved projects to the General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies (TAGEM), headquarter of the national agricultural research system, established in 1991.
TAGEM employs 2098 qualified researchers in 21 Central and Regional Research Institutes and 28 Subject-oriented Research Institutes located in different cities of Turkey. These Institutes carry out R&D activities in accordance with priorities of TAGEM. Additionally, 8 Veterinary Control Institutes of TAGEM are authorized to do research. The fields of TAGEM are plant breeding and agronomy, plant health, animal breeding and husbandry, animal health, aquaculture and fishery, food and feed, post-harvest technologies, biodiversity/genetic resources, organic agriculture, biosafety, soil and water resources management, climate change and environment, agricultural economics and bio-economy, extension and innovation etc.
The infrastructure of the research institutes is open to private sector. Thus private sector, individuals and non-governmental organizations are able to perform their studies that they need by taking the advantage of infrastructure opportunities held by public and created with the years of experience and high investments without the need for significant investments for R&D studies. Under the communiqué, individuals or private sector organizations gained the opportunity to execute their projects with the infrastructure and personnel support of research institutes subject to the MFAL.
Advertisement is put on theMinistry and TAGEM web page every year. The institutions and organizations wishing to benefit from R&D support offer their Project proposals within the specified time. After the projects are approved by the Evaluation Board and Secretariat created under Communiqué the contracts are signed and the projects become effective subsequently. Then the relevant project developers get 70% payment to R&D project directly from the ministry and other 30% of its cost from the private enterprises. So the financial strength of private sector and trained research personnel, experience and research infrastructure of 49 Research Institutions subject to the MFAL and spread all over the country with expertise in various disciplines were combined under this regulation.
127 project contracts were signed in the framework of cooperation between Research Institutes and private sector. In 2017 the project approval rate reached 25.2% with budget of 28.5 million TL or 7,98 million USD.
Turkey, Tarımsal Araştırmalar ve Politikalar Genel Müdürlüğü (General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies - TAGEM)
Phone: +90 (312)307 60 00 / 3157622-26